Hinduism is the worlds oldest organized religion existing for 4500 years. Based on the prehistoric vedic text, it is a faith in constant change. Populated by an infinite amount of gods, the belief system is open to adopting any of the gods produced by younger religions.
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The hindu religion is the oldest religion of the five major religions, which are islam, christianity, judaism, buddhism, and hinduism (major world religions, 2006).
Hinduism is among the worlds oldest religion that has no beginning it was there before recorded history. Unlike most other religions, it cannot be linked to a single founder as it is formed from diverse traditions.
These principles often have a primary theme that they tend to support. The major religions that are practiced b many people across the world are christianity, islam, and hinduism. The three religions are practiced in different parts of the world depending on the beliefs of the population.
Hinduism was founded sometime between 1500 and 500 ce in the are of the indus valley civilization. There is no individual founder and no names given to say who developed it. Many hindu followers believe that one of the gods is the true god, this creates a division in hinduism.
Hinduism hinduism is a major world religion, not merely by virtue of its many followers, but also because of its profound influence on many other religions during its long, unbroken history, beginning about 1500 bc. The term hinduism comes from the indus river which flows through pakistan.
Hinduism is a known of hinduism - hinduism is a known religion in india.
Those who grow up in hindu families are steeped in ancient traditions and beliefs from infancy on and they are much more alike than dissimilar.
Essay hinduism introduction hinduism is a religion that originated in india and is still practiced by most of the natives as well as the people who have migrated from india to other parts of the world. Statistically there are over seven hundred million hindus, mainly in bharat, india and nepal.
The first evidence points to the indus river valley civilization developing around 2500 bce. Archaeological evidence suggests that early hindu practice begins here.
This brings the sanskrit language to the region and drastically influences hinduism, which is developing at this time.
The vedic age, the period in which the oldest scriptures of hinduism, the vedas, are written, begins. This period signals the rise of large, urbanized areas and the shramana movements, which include jainism and buddhism.
The eleven major upanishads are written around 800 bce, and these become fundamental texts of hinduism. These introduce the ideas of reincarnation and karma, that those who are righteous in the current life will be reborn in a better life until they eventually reach nirvana, or the holy bliss.
The epics, which chronicle history of mortal men, and the puranas, which chronicle the history of celestial figures, are written around 500 bce. These signal the beginning of devotional hinduism, in which followers commit themselves to one deity, particularly shiva or vishnu, though devi is popular as well.
Chandragupta founds the maurya empire in the indian subcontinent around 320 bce, which goes on to become one of the worlds largest empires in its time. Hindu ministers, including chanakya, initially introduce hinduism as the major religion of the empire, but under ashokas leadership, the empire later embraces buddhism.
Around 320 ce, maharaja sri gupta founds the gupta empire, which covers much of the indian subcontinent. It ushers in an era of peace and prosperity that allows hindu culture to stabilize and spread.
Overrun by the invading hun, the gupta empire fragments into various weaker entities around 500.
Vasco de gamas arrival in southern asia in 1498 signals the beginning of europeans involvement in india.
Scholars focus on modernistic interpretations of the sacred texts and social reform.
Hoping to make money trading with india, the british east india company wins trading rights on the fringe of the mughal empire in 1617. As the mughal empire declines, the east india companys influence in india grows steadily.
Parliament ends the rule of the east india company and places india directly under control of the british crown on august 2, 1858. India is now governed by colonial rule, with british officials ruling in the name of the queen and holding top positions. Britain slows the reforms that so angered hindus and muslims, but continues to develop india for its own economic benefit.
Formed by vivekananda in 1894, the vedanta society promotes hinduism as a religion in the west, and argues for indias integration as a single nation.
Indian lawyer mahatma gandhi launches a two-year campaign of noncooperation beginning in 1920. He encourages indians to leave british institutions, return british honors, and practice self-reliance. While gandhi is forced to stop the campaign upon his arrest and imprisonment in 1922, he goes on to become the most recognized leader of the indian nationalist movement.
After world war ii, britain finally agrees to grant india independence. However, the muslim league, led by muhammad ali jinnah, insists that the muslim minority have its own separate state, pakistan. Britain decides to partition the subcontinent into two states muslim pakistan and hindu india. This causes massive migration and death as members of the two religious groups travel to their new states.